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March 28, 2020

G20 Leaders hold Extraordinary Virtual Summit

G20 Summit, United Nations

Photo: A view of the joint virtual briefing for the Member States on the COVID-19 Pandemic held by Secretary-General António Guterres; Tijjani Muhammad-Bande, President of the seventy-fourth session of the United Nations General Assembly; Zhang Jun, Permanent Representative of the People’s Republic of China to the United Nations and President of the Security Council for March, and Mona Juul, seventy-fifth President of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and Permanent Representative of Norway to the United Nations. Melissa Fleming, Under-Secretary-General for Global Communications, moderated the briefing. March 27, 2020. United Nations, New York. UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe.

G20 Summit, United Nations

Photo: A view of the eyeglasses of Secretary-General António Guterres as he takes part in the extraordinary Virtual Leaders’ Summit of the Group of Twenty (G-20) on the Covid-19 Pandemic. March 26, 2020. United Nations, New York. UN Photo/Evan Schneider.

G20 Summit, United Nations

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Photo: A view of the screen in the Secretary-General António Guterres’ conference room as he takes part in the extraordinary Virtual Leaders’ Summit of the Group of Twenty (G-20) on the Covid-19 Pandemic. March 26, 2020. United Nations, New York. UN Photo/Evan Schneider.

G20 Summit, United Nations

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Photo: The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, participating in the G20 Virtual Summit to discuss the global response to COVID 19, on March 26, 2020.

G20 Summit, United Nations

Photo: A woman is wearing a mask as she walks to her destination during the Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak in New York City. March 18, 2020. New York, United States. UN Photo/Evan Schneider.

G20 Summit, United Nations

Photo: A woman wears a mask as she walks to her destination during the Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak in New York City. March 18, 2020. New York, United States. UN Photo/Evan Schneider.

An Extraordinary Virtual G20 Leaders’ Summit was convened on March 26, 2020, to discuss the challenges posed by the outbreak of the COVID-19 Pandemic and to forge a globally coordinated response. The extraordinary G20 Summit was a culmination of the Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting and G20 Sherpas Meeting on the COVID-19 Pandemic.

At the meeting, G20 Leaders agreed to take all necessary measures to contain the Pandemic and protect people. They also supported the strengthening of the WHO’s mandate in the fight against epidemics, including the delivery of medical supplies, diagnostic tools, treatments, medicines, and vaccines.

Leaders also committed to using all available policy tools to minimize the economic and social cost of the Pandemic and to restore global growth and market stability. G20 countries pledged to inject over USD 5 trillion into the global economy to counter the social and economic impact of COVID-19. Leaders also agreed to contribute to the WHO-led COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund voluntarily.

The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, called on the G20 to come out with a concrete action plan to fight the global Pandemic. He called on the Leaders to help usher in new globalization for the collective well-being of humankind, and have multilateral fora focus on promoting the shared interests of humanity.

At the end of the Summit, the G20 Leaders’ issued a statement that called for a coordinated global response to fight the Pandemic by adopting measures to safeguard the global economy, minimize trade disruption, and enhance global cooperation.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 7:51 AM | Link to this Post

March 8, 2020

World Intellectual Property Report 2019 - Local Hotspots, Global Networks: Innovative Activity Is Increasingly Collaborative and International

WIPO

GENEVA — The 2019 edition of WIPO’s World Intellectual Property Report analyzed millions of patent and scientific publication records across several decades to conclude that innovative activity has grown increasingly collaborative and transnational.

Some 30 metropolitan hotspots alone accounted for 69 percent of patents and 48 percent of scientific activity during the 2015-2017 period. Those hotspots are mostly in five countries - China, Germany, Japan, the Republic of Korea, and the United States of America.

The report finds that innovation has become more collaborative. In the early 2000s, teams of scientists produced 64 percent of all scientific papers, and groups of inventors were behind 54 percent of all patents. By the second half of the 2010s, these figures had grown to almost 88 and 68 percent, respectively.

Collaboration has also become more international. The share of scientific collaborations with two or more researchers located in different countries grew from 15 percent in 1998 to 26 percent in 2017. For patents, the percentage of international co-invention increased to 11 percent until 2009 but has since slightly fallen, partly because of rapid growth in domestic collaborations in certain countries. Most international cooperation takes place among the top metropolitan hotspots. The most significant ten of them - San Francisco, New York, Frankfurt, Tokyo, Boston, Shanghai, London, Beijing, Bengaluru, and Paris - account for 26 percent of all international co-inventions. The U.S. hotspots emerge as the most connected ones in the world.

“Today’s innovation landscape is highly globally interlinked,” said WIPO Director General Francis Gurry. “Increasingly complex technological solutions for shared global challenges need ever larger and more-specialized teams of researchers, which rely on international collaboration.” “Economies must remain open in the pursuit of innovation,” he remarked.

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is the global forum for intellectual property policy, services, information, and cooperation. A specialized agency of the United Nations, WIPO assists its 193 member states in developing a balanced international IP legal framework to meet society’s evolving needs. It provides business services for obtaining IP rights in multiple countries and resolving disputes. It delivers capacity-building programs to help developing countries benefit from using IP. And it offers free access to unique knowledge banks of IP information.

|GlobalGiants.Com|

— The Editor is an Alumnus of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Academy, Geneva, Switzerland.


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 4:23 AM | Link to this Post

March 7, 2020

Commemoration of International Women's Day at the United Nations

United Nations, Women

Photo: Sanna Marin, Prime Minister of the Republic of Finland, addresses an event marking International Women’s Day (March 08), on the theme, “I am Generation Equality: Realizing Women’s Rights.” March 06, 2020. United Nations, New York. UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe.

United Nations, Women

Photo: Alexandria Villasenor, a climate justice activist, addresses an event marking International Women’s Day (March 08), on the theme, “I am Generation Equality: Realizing Women’s Rights.” March 06, 2020. United Nations, New York. UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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February 6, 2020

UNESCO Director-General Commends India for Promoting Education of Girls

UNESCO, India, Universities

Photo: Amer, Rajasthan, India, February 05, 2020. The students of Government Girls Senior Secondary School in Amer, Rajasthan, presented the UNESCO Director-General her pencil sketch showcasing their promising artistry.

UNESCO, India, Universities

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Photo: The Director-General, UNESCO, Ms. Audrey Azoulay meeting the Union Minister for Human Resource Development, Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, in New Delhi. February 04, 2020.

New Delhi, February 06, 2020 — The Director-General of UNESCO, Ms. Audrey Azoulay, has commended India for successfully promoting the education of girls in the country. On a three-day official visit to India, Ms. Azoulay spoke to the media today. She said that India had influenced the vision and objectives of UNESCO through the legacy of Mahatma Gandhi. She expressed confidence that India and UNESCO would carry forward this relationship further to realize their shared goals. Terming her earlier meeting with the Minister of Human Resource Development, Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, as a very fruitful one, she said she was delighted to see India’s efforts at making quality education available to every section of the society.

Ms. Azoulay noted India’s work with satisfaction and said that India’s role is crucial for the realization of the Sustainable Development Goals. She appreciated the programs for the management skills of teachers. She was also pleased with India’s efforts at ensuring inclusion in education and the use of technology in this field.

The Director-General of UNESCO, Ms. Audrey Azoulay, is in New Delhi for a three-day visit to India from the 4th to February 06, 2020. Her visit re-emphasizes India’s close ties with UNESCO. She visited the city of Jaipur yesterday.

The Director-General also called upon Prime Minister Narendra Modi during her visit.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 10:36 PM | Link to this Post

February 5, 2020

Pink City, Jaipur, receives 'UNESCO World Heritage City' Certificate.

UNESCO, India,

UNESCO, India,

Photos: Jaipur, India, February 05, 2020. UNESCO Director-General at the “Ceremony for Dedicating UNESCO Heritage Certificate” to Jaipur.

UNESCO, India,

Photo: Hawa Mahal, Jaipur, India. Image Credit: Roberta Zouain.

UNESCO, India,

Photo: Amber Fort, Jaipur, India. Image Credit: Patrick Rosenberg.

Jaipur, India, February 05, 2020 — The Director-General of UNESCO, Ms. Audrey Azoulay, today presented the UNESCO World Heritage City certificate to Jaipur, the “Pink City.”

“I have brought a message from UNESCO’s Paris headquarters. The global community has recognized the efforts of the people of Jaipur for the preservation of cultural heritage. It’s a matter of pride that UNESCO has listed Jaipur City in the World Heritage List. Jaipur is known for its specific planning. Its architecture, forts, and palaces make it a wonderful city. This inscription is a joint commitment to preserving this cultural heritage.” Ms. Azoulay stated.

“Jaipur has its own unique identity in all dimensions related to heritage. Its architecture reflects a spectacular inclusion of Persian, Mughal and Hindu designs. The Amber Fort is a perfect example of this,” she added.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 10:36 AM | Link to this Post

February 4, 2020

Director-General of UNESCO, Ms. Audrey Azoulay, in New Delhi

Unesco, India

Photo: India’s Minister of State for Culture and Tourism, Prahalad Singh Patel, presenting the souvenir Charkha (Spinning Wheel) to the Director-General of UNESCO, Ms. Audrey Azoulay, in New Delhi on February 04, 2020.

Unesco, India

Photo: The Union Minister for Human Resource Development, Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal’ Nishank’, and the Director-General of UNESCO, Ms. Audrey Azoulay, signing the second operational agreement of MGIEP, during their meeting, in New Delhi on February 04, 2020.

Unesco, India

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Photo: The Director-General of UNESCO, Ms. Audrey Azoulay, met with the Union Minister for Human Resource Development of India, Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal’ Nishank’, in New Delhi on February 04, 2020. Other dignitaries, including the Higher Education Secretary and the UGC Chairman, were also present.

Unesco, India

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Photo: The Director-General of UNESCO, Ms. Audrey Azoulay, visits Humayun’s tomb in Delhi. Humayun’s tomb was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993.

Ms. Audrey Azoulay is in New Delhi for a three-day visit to India from the 4th to February 06, 2020. India enjoys close ties with UNESCO since its inception in 1946 and shares with it the ethos of the promotion of peace and intercultural dialogue.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 10:17 AM | Link to this Post

February 3, 2020

UNESCO Cities, Innovative Hubs for Local Sustainable Development" - Panel Discussion at ChangeNOW Summit 2020.

UNESCO, PARIS

Photo: Celebration of International Education Day at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris. 24 January 2020. Image provided by and copyright © UNESCO/Christelle ALIX.

Paris, France, 2 February 2020 — The international Summit ChangeNOW was held under the emblematic glass dome of the Grand Palais in Paris from 30 January to 1 February 2020. It gathered hundreds of urban actors and solution-makers from around the world. They all shared their experiences and responses to shape a better urban future for the Planet.

During the Summit, there was a panel “UNESCO cities: innovative hubs for local sustainable development” held on 31 January. In that discussion, UNESCO presented its UNESCO Cities Platform (UCP), which comprises eight programs and networks of cities across the areas of education, the sciences, culture and communication, and information. Commenting on UCP, Denise Bax of UNESCO Culture Sector said that the Platform strengthens synergies through a shared vision and actions among the Organization’s cities programs and networks.

UNESCO representatives illustrated innovative urban practices to highlight the Organization’s transversal work on and with cities. They explained how the UNESCO Cities Platform (UCP) works for cultural heritage, lifelong learning, natural resources management, creativity, technologies, and social inclusion.

UNESCO representatives shared concrete experiences from partner cities. That included the rehabilitation of the river in Manila (Philippines), the urban flood management in Bangalore (India), innovative educational programs in Hamburg (Germany), participatory platforms for social change in York (United Kingdom), and the linkages between heritage and urban regeneration in Fez (Morocco).

The special guest of the panel, Ms. Lucienne Redercher, Vice-Mayor of Nancy (France) and Vice-President of the European Coalition of Inclusive and Sustainable Cities (ECCAR), emphasized the need to re-humanize cities, by reconnecting them with the people who live there. “We need to unite before acting and think together to build the future,” she articulated during her intervention on the initiatives for social inclusion implemented in Nancy.

In line with the UN Agenda 2030, ChangeNOW 2020 focuses on eight action areas to tackle the world’s urgent environmental and social needs. It addresses issues such as clean air and clean water, health and food security, sustainable and accessible energy, biodiversity, sustainable consumption and production, global citizenship education, and well-being.

ChangeNOW 2020 provided a significant opportunity for cities, partners, and stakeholders to discuss and raise awareness of the most pressing urban challenges. The forum advocated a people-centered and place-based urban development approach equipped with innovative urban solutions from around the world.

UNESCO

Photo: “One Planet, One Ocean” open forum at “Unesco Campus,” UNESCO Headquarters, Paris. 31 January 2020. Image provided by and copyright © UNESCO/Christelle ALIX.

• Diversity of Cultural Expressions Committee to focus on investing in creativity and creative digital content.

The annual meeting of the Intergovernmental Committee that oversees the implementation of the 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions will take place at UNESCO’s Headquarters, from 11 to 14 February.

On the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD), former beneficiaries will discuss the importance of investing in creativity and the long-term impacts of their projects. Discussants will highlight how such investments foster the means to create, produce, distribute, and have access to a diversity of cultural expressions.

This debate will address challenges in accessing cultural and creative content in the digital environment and making informed choices in the face of increasing content. Participants will explore how online distribution platforms are revolutionizing the entire value chain, from creation to consumption, and why access to a wide variety of cultural content is a prerequisite for the emergence of new sustainable business models for the cultural and creative industries.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 1:00 PM | Link to this Post

January 30, 2020

Human Resource Development Minister of India chairs the Meeting of the Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO (INCCU) in New Delhi.

Unesco, India

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Unesco, India

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Photos: The Minister for Human Resource Development of India, Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal’ Nishank’, chairs the meeting of the Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO (INCCU), in New Delhi on January 30, 2020.

New Delhi, January 30, 2020 — Union Human Resource Development Minister, Ramesh Pokhriyal’ Nishank’, chaired the meeting of the Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO (INCCU) in New Delhi today. The Representative of India to the Executive Board of UNESCO, J.S Rajput, Secretary HRD cum Secretary General of INCCU, Amit Khare, members of the INCCU, and senior officials of the Ministry also attended the meeting.

The membership of the National Commission consists of members of five Sub Commissions, namely, Sub Commission for (i) Education (ii) Natural Sciences (iii) Social Sciences (iv) Communication (v) Culture. The members of the Sub Commissions briefed the chair about the activities carried out by their respective Sub Commissions.

Mr. Pokhriyal said that the National Commission could play a dominant role in coordinating the activities of the institutions under each of the five sub-commissions so that India’s efforts and achievements get outstanding support, acknowledgment, and recognition across countries. Our work needs to be projected more at the international level so that we can contribute more towards the fulfillment of the objectives of UNESCO while also strengthening India’s image globally.

The Minister said that India is one of the founding members of UNESCO and has always played an active role in promoting its ideals and objectives in the fields of education, culture, communication, natural sciences, and social and human sciences. He added that the Government of India is fully committed to the attainment of 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, and every Ministry is making considerable efforts in this direction.

Mr. Pokhriyal further highlighted that in the field of education, India is working to further UNESCO’s objective of making quality education available to everyone. The Government of India has taken many steps to improve access, equity, and quality of education. A New Education Policy is on the anvil. The Ministry has formulated the new plan after the largest ever process of consultation with stakeholders.

The Minister further said that in the culture sector, UNESCO’s programs aim to promote, preserve, and safeguard cultural heritage and spread respect for all cultures. India has an unparalleled heritage - both tangible and intangible. He added that the Ministry of Culture and the institutions under it are working to preserve the tangible and intangible heritage of the country.

He also said that India has been playing a very positive role in the field of Science by promoting scientific programs and policies as platforms for development and cooperation. He further said that India also supports UNESCO’s works towards freedom of expression, which is a critical condition for democracy and development.

Mr. Pokhriyal said that our National Commission needs to be stronger and more active. It would help showcase the excellent work we are doing and get better representation for India.

The Director-General of UNESCO, Ms. Audrey Azoulay, would be visiting India from 4th to 7th of next month.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 1:12 PM | Link to this Post

January 25, 2020

The World faces Four Main Challenges: Climate Change, Mistrust of Leaders, Increased Geopolitical Tension, and the Dark Side of the Technological Revolution, Says UN Secretary-General.

World Economic Forum

Photo: António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations, New York, and the Global Shapers at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2020 in Davos-Klosters, Switzerland, 24 January. Congress Centre. Image provided by & Copyright © World Economic Forum.

World Economic Forum

Photo: Ivanka Trump, Advisor to the President White House, United States of America, during World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2020 in Davos-Klosters, Switzerland, 23 January. Image provided by & Copyright © World Economic Forum / Valeriano Di Domenico.

World Economic Forum

Photo: Sara Eisen, Co-Anchor, Squawk on the Street and Closing Bell, CNBC, USA, speaking in the “After Brexit: Renewing Europe’s Growth” session at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2020 in Davos-Klosters, Switzerland, 23 January. Congress Center - Aspen. Image provided by & Copyright © World Economic Forum/Faruk Pinjo.

World Economic Forum

Photo: Karen Karniol-Tambour, Bridgewater Associates LP, speaking in the “Issue briefing: Black Swan and Grey Rhinos in Financial Markets” session at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2020 in Davos-Klosters, Switzerland, 22 January. Congress Centre - Issue Briefing Room. Image provided by & Copyright © World Economic Forum / Greg Beadle.

World Economic Forum

Photo: Elena Cherney, Editor, News Features and Special Projects, Wall Street Journal, USA, speaking in the “The Future of Mobility” session at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2020 in Davos-Klosters, Switzerland, 23 January. Congress Centre - Situation Room. Image provided by & Copyright © World Economic Forum/Sandra Blaser.

World Economic Forum

Photo: Penny Abeywardena, Commissioner for International Affairs, Mayor’s Office, City of New York, USA; Young Global Leader speaking in the “Striking a Green New Deal” session at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2020 in Davos-Klosters, Switzerland, 23 January. Congress Centre - Aspen. Image provided by & Copyright © World Economic Forum/Manuel Lopez.

World Economic Forum

Photo: Robert J. Shiller, Sterling Professor of Economics, Yale University, USA, speaking in the “Power of Narratives” session at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2020 in Davos-Klosters, Switzerland, 23 January. Congress Center - Aspen. Image provided by & Copyright © World Economic Forum/Faruk Pinjo.

World Economic Forum

Photo: Somini Sengupta, International Correspondent, Climate Change, New York Times, India, speaking in the Charging the “True Price of Carbon” session at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2020 in Davos-Klosters, Switzerland, 22 January. Congress Centre - Hub B Room. Image provided by & Copyright © World Economic Forum / Greg Beadle.

World Economic Forum

Photo: Sarah Kelly, Anchor-at-Large, Deutsche Welle, USA, speaking during the session “A Decade to Deliver the Global Goals” at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2020 in Davos-Klosters, Switzerland, 23 January. Congress Centre. Image provided by & Copyright © World Economic Forum/Jakob Polacsek.

Davos-Klosters, Switzerland, 24 January 2020 - “I would use two words to describe the state of the world today: uncertainty and instability,” said António Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations. Guterres made his statement during a plenary session of the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2020.

Using a Christian Biblical reference to the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, Guterres described what he called four “enormous challenges” to the world today: climate change, mistrust of leaders, increased geopolitical tension, and the dark side of the technological revolution.

“Climate change is the defining issue of our time,” he said. It represents an “existential threat” to humankind. “The planet will not be destroyed. We will destroy our capacity to live on the planet.”

We need to hold the Carbon emissions below those projected by the Paris Agreement to keep the global temperature within the range targeted by scientists. Countries that he called the “big emitters” will need to make more significant strides; 80% of emissions come from the member nations of the G20 group.

He called for a three-step program to tackle this: carbon pricing, a shift from taxation on income to one on carbon, and the elimination of fossil fuel subsidies. “As a taxpayer, I can’t accept the idea that the Government uses my taxes to melt glaciers,” he said. “It doesn’t make any sense.”

As a measure of mistrust, Guterres noted that 66 countries experienced major demonstrations last year. “In each country, the pretext is different, but there is an underlying factor: mistrust,” he said. “The lack of trust in local establishments.” People believe that the world does not equitably distribute the fruits of globalization. “Seven in 10 people in the world live in countries where inequality is growing.”

His recipe for improvement would start with governments giving a “voice to the people,” particularly to young people, and with particular attention to gender equality. All stakeholders (including civil society, governments, and businesspeople) should work together, notably in the pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals, he said.

Weaknesses in institutions further exacerbate increased geopolitical tensions. For example, the UN Security Council’s “inability to take decisions” or to enforce the ones they do take, such as the arms embargo for Libya. “We need a global economy,” he said. “And we need multilateral institutions to be in charge.”

To combat “chaos in cyberspace and ensure that artificial intelligence becomes a force for good, we need to boost international cooperation,” he said. To that end, multilateral organizations should change their modus operandi to become more agile, working in networks. “Inclusive multilateralism” would extend beyond national governments to include more participation from local authorities, civil society, business leaders, and others.

The World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2020 took place from 21 to 24 January 2020 in Davos-Klosters, Switzerland. The meeting brought together more than 3,000 global leaders from politics, government, civil society, academia, the arts, and culture as well as the media. Convening under the theme, Stakeholders for a Cohesive and Sustainable World, participants focused on defining new models for building sustainable and inclusive societies in a plurilateral world.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 2:14 PM | Link to this Post

January 12, 2020

UN Security Council Meets on Maintenance of International Peace and Security

UN Security Council

ENLARGE

Photo: A comprehensive view of the Security Council meeting on maintenance of international peace and security and upholding the United Nations Charter. 09 January 2020. United Nations, New York. UN Photo/Mark Garten.

UN Security Council

Photo: Urmas Reinsalu, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Estonia, addresses the Security Council meeting on maintenance of international peace and security and upholding the United Nations Charter. 09 January 2020. United Nations, New York. UN Photo/Mark Garten.

UN Security Council

Photo: Sergiy Kyslytsya, Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, addresses the Security Council meeting on maintenance of international peace and security and upholding the United Nations Charter. 09 January 2020. United Nations, New York. UN Photo/Mark Garten.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 9:02 AM | Link to this Post

December 20, 2019

UN General Assembly highlights UNESCO's leading role in the Education 2030 Agenda.

United Nations, Unesco

Photo: Marina Melanidis, Youth leader and Co-director of Youth for Nature, speaks at the press conference on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Youth for Nature-Based Solutions. At left is Melati Wijsen, Climate Activist. 21 September 2019. United Nations, New York. UN Photo/Kim Haughton. [File Photo]

New York, NY, 19 December 2019 — The UN General Assembly resolution ‘Education for Sustainable Development in the framework of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’, introduced by the Group of 77 and China, calls upon the international community to scale up education for sustainable development to achieve the 2030 Agenda. The decision relates to various aspects of culture for sustainable development. It recognizes the gendered barriers faced by girls in accessing education, and the need to deliver quality education to children in conflict and post-conflict situations.

With the adoption of the resolution, the international community has recognized UNESCO’s mandated role in leading and coordinating the Education 2030 Agenda and its position as the lead agency for education for sustainable development.

The resolution emphasizes the importance of further developing and implementing educational programs to address climate change challenges. The decision also notes the significant progress made by the Global Action Programme that has exposed 26 million learners to education for sustainable development curricula and trained two million educators in this domain.

The UN General Assembly has asked UNESCO to assist the Member States in their efforts to promote education for sustainable development. The UN Secretary-General would submit a report on the implementation of the current resolution to the General Assembly at its seventy-sixth session.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 10:33 AM | Link to this Post

December 12, 2019

UNESCO reinforces itself as the Chief Global Motivator for Education, Culture, Artificial Intelligence, and Youth; Adopts a Convention facilitating Universities Exchanges.

Unesco, Paris

Unesco, Paris

Photos: Closure of the 40th General Conference of UNESCO in Paris, France. 27 November 2019. Images provided by & copyright © UNESCO/Christelle ALIX.

Paris, France, 12 December 2019 — UNESCO’s 40th General Conference concluded after adopting a draft Convention to facilitate student mobility between universities on five continents.

The General Conference, UNESCO’s governing body, meets every two years to establish the Organization’s program and budget. It brings together all 193 Member States of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.

“We are entering a phase of renewal,” said Audrey Azoulay, the Director-General of UNESCO, summing up the fortieth session of the General Conference, which took place from 12 to 27 November. Noting that after more than 20 years of cuts and setbacks, the budget situation had returned to normal, she underlined that, “by accepting an increase in contributions, a rare event in the UN system, Member States have expressed their confidence in the direction given to UNESCO over the past two years.”

As demonstrated by the attendance of so many political leaders, UNESCO is once again a venue for global conversation. Participants included:

Among the decisions taken by UNESCO’s 193 Member States is the adoption of a Convention on Inter-University Mobility, which will enter into force after being ratified by twenty countries. The Convention will foster academic mobility between regions and the establishment of universal principles to improve the recognition of diplomas. It will complement UNESCO’s five regional conventions on the acceptance of higher education qualifications.

At the same time, some 100 ministers of education and as many university representatives participating in the UNESCO Chairs Programme met to promote the emergence of a more inclusive “Global Campus.” The “Global Campus” would facilitate better student mobility by responding to the rapid increase in the number of students enrolled in higher education.

The other major decision of the General Conference concerns the elaboration of an international standard-setting instrument on the ethics of artificial intelligence. Experts selected by UNESCO will be responsible for preparing a project after extensive consultation. Two intergovernmental meetings would be held in 2021 to finalize ethical standards based on fundamental human rights.

Following the ministerial meeting, Mexico announced that it would host a second Mondiacult World Conference on Cultural Policies in 2022. At the first such conference in 1982, the international community had redefined culture as the “set of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features of society or a social group.”

The General Conference also decided to celebrate eight new world days - of Art (15 April), Islamic Art (18 November), African and Afro-descendant Culture (24 January), Engineering for Sustainable Development (4 March), Logic (14 January), Mathematics (14 March), Olive Trees (26 November) and Portuguese Language (5 May). It also decided that the first Thursday in November would be the International Day against Violence and Bullying at School, including Cyberbullying.

The General Conference was also a forum for discussions between young people and around ten government leaders on the theme (Re)Generation: Rethinking Multilateralism with Young Change-Makers. Young people from around the world took part in two weeks of discussions to determine how UNESCO could respond to the climate challenge and youth demands. Participants called on governments to step up their efforts to fight climate change, invest more in education, and take concerted action to ensure that technology serves people and their rights.

Member States have agreed on a budget for 2020-2022 of $534 million (+3%). At Sweden’s initiative, the General Conference amended the Organization’s Constitution to suspend the right to vote - as well as the right to run for election to the Executive Board - of States that are not up to date with their contributions.

At the opening of the General Conference, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres had warned against the breakup of the international community, claiming that “UNESCO’s action was essential to rally the world.”

|GlobalGiants.Com|

Quote

“No culture can live if it attempts to be exclusive.”

— Mahatma Gandhi.

Quote

“Culture is the widening of the mind and of the spirit.”

— Jawaharlal Nehru.

Quote

“The first duty of government is to see that people have food, fuel, and clothes. The second, that they have means of moral and intellectual education.”

— John Ruskin.

Editor's Opinion

“UNESCO cannot work to its full potential unless the world realizes its real significance, acknowledges it as an essential global administrative body, makes it free of all politics, and thoroughly funds it for its crucial mission.”

“UNESCO’s task is to harmonize and uplift humanity, not disturb and demoralize it. Let it prefer to spotlight prominent communities’ contributions and achievements rather than their adverse histories.”


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 8:56 AM | Link to this Post

December 4, 2019

UN Security Council President Briefs Press after Security Council Consultations

United Nations

Photo: Kelly Craft, Permanent Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations and President of the Security Council for December, briefs reporters after the Council had consultations on its program of work for the month. 02 December 2019. United Nations, New York. UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 11:36 AM | Link to this Post

November 26, 2019

UNESCO adopts the first United Nations international treaty on Higher Education as UNESCO General Conference endorses the Global Convention on Recognition of Higher Education Qualifications.

Unesco Gneral Confrence, Degrees

Unesco Gneral Confrence, Degrees

Photo: The 40th UNESCO General Conference in Paris. 25 November 2019. Image provided by & copyright © UNESCO/Fred Di Girolamo.

Unesco Gneral Confrence, Higher Education

Photo: Scene during the plenary meeting of the 40th UNESCO General Conference in Paris. 26 November 2019. Image provided by & copyright © UNESCO/Marie Etchegoyen.

Paris, France, 26 November 2019 — On 25 November 2019, UNESCO’s Member States adopted the first United Nations convention on higher education when the plenary of the 40th session of the General Conference endorsed the Global Convention on Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education. The new Convention establishes universal principles for recognition of studies and degrees and will improve mobility for the more than 220 million students enrolled in higher education worldwide.

Eight years in the making, the new Global Convention expands the scope of the main principles of UNESCO’s regional recognition conventions to assess foreign qualifications in a fair, non-discriminatory, and transparent manner. It builds on quality assurance mechanisms and sharing of information about higher education institutions and systems, study programs, and degrees. Where the regional conventions only cover mobility between countries within the different UNESCO regions, the Global Convention paves the way for the increasing movement between regions and continents, which already counts for more than half of the 5 million mobile students in the world today.

Although the Global Convention does not impose automatic recognition of foreign qualifications, it lays down the principle that a student qualifying for access to higher education in one country generally will qualify for higher education studies when moving to another country.

The Global Convention also simplifies recognition processes by turning the burden of proof from applicants to recognition authorities. Where in the past, it has been mostly up to students to prove why their foreign qualifications should be recognized, it is now up to recognition authorities to show why they have not granted recognition. Even when the authorities withhold recognition of skills, applicants have the right to appeal.

Furthermore, the general rule is now for recognition authorities to look for similarities to recognize foreign qualifications, rather than rejecting recognition based on insignificant dissimilarities between international and national requirements, as has often been the case before.

The Global Convention includes innovative provisions on recognition of prior learning, partial studies, cross-border education, and non-traditional learning modes such as online or blended learning. With the Global Convention, the obligation to fairly assess the qualifications of refugees who cannot provide sufficient documentation becomes a universal principle. UNESCO is, therefore, piloting the UNESCO Qualifications Passport for Refugees and Vulnerable Migrants to provide the Member States with a tool for assessing undocumented qualifications held by refugees.

The new Convention creates a normative platform for fostering trust among higher education systems. It is a landmark opportunity for the world’s academic communities to embrace a common good and a shared resolve to forge lifelong higher education learning institutions that are at once relevant, dynamic, and inclusive. The Convention will help ensure the right to education of individuals by facilitating access to higher education.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 10:59 AM | Link to this Post

November 25, 2019

New UNESCO Recommendation will Promote Access to Educational Resources for All.

Unesco, Education

Photo: Plenary meeting of UNESCO General Conference in Paris. 25 November 2019. Image provided by & copyright © UNESCO/Christelle ALIX.

Paris, France, 25 November 2019 — An important step was taken towards quality education and access to information for all, as UNESCO’s General Conference adopted today a Recommendation on Open Educational Resources (OER).

This new Recommendation will support the development and sharing of openly-licensed learning and teaching materials, benefitting students, teachers, and researchers worldwide.

“The Recommendation on OER will contribute to the building of open and inclusive knowledge societies, and the achievement of the UN Sustainable Development Goals,” highlighted Mr. Moez Chakchouk, UNESCO Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information.

OER are learning, teaching, and research materials in any format and medium that reside in the public domain or are under the copyright released under an open license, which permit no-cost access, re-use, re-purpose, adaptation and redistribution by others.

The UNESCO Recommendation will support the creation, use, and adaptation of inclusive and quality OER, and facilitate international cooperation in this field. Its objectives also include the development of supportive policies and the creation of sustainability models for OER.

During the General Conference debates, several Member States from different world regions expressed their support to the Recommendation on OER, underlining its essential role in providing access to quality education on digital platforms. The discussion echoed the critical contribution of OER to the construction of open, inclusive, and participatory knowledge societies.

“I welcome the intersectoral cooperation around the Recommendation,” said Ms. Stefania Giannini, UNESCO Assistant Director-General for Education. “It shows how two Sectors can collaborate and support the Member States.” Ms. Giannini also highlighted that UNESCO had coined the term and concept of OER in 2002.

In his concluding remarks, Mr. Moez Chakchouk, Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information, announced the launch of a Dynamic Coalition to expand and consolidate commitments and strategies in the area of OER.

This Dynamic Coalition reflects the Ministerial Statement for the 2nd World OER Congress and will contribute to promoting and reinforcing international cooperation on the implementation of the Recommendation. UNESCO will work closely to support the Member States and other stakeholders in this regard.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 1:33 PM | Link to this Post

November 19, 2019

UNESCO is hosting the Forum of the Ministers of Culture

UNESCO, Culture

Photo: UNESCO Director-General, Audrey Azoulay, at the Opening of the Forum of Ministers of Culture. UNESCO Headquarters, Paris. 19 November 2019. Image provided by & copyright © UNESCO/Christelle ALIX.

UNESCO, Culture

ENLARGE

Photo: A Group Photograph of the Ministers of Culture with the UNESCO Director-General at the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, France. 19 November 2019. Image provided by & copyright © UNESCO/Luc Valigny.

UNESCO, Culture

ENLARGE

Photo: A Group Photograph of the participants in the Youth Forum at the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, France. 18 November 2019. Image provided by & copyright © UNESCO/Luc Valigny.

UNESCO, Culture, Denmark

Photo: Princess Marie of Denmark on an official visit to the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris. November 15, 2019. Image provided by & copyright © UNESCO/Luc Valigny.

Paris, France, 19 November 2019 — UNESCO is hosting the Forum of Ministers of Culture, a major event to discuss the central place of culture in public policies around the world and its impact on sustainable development.

More than 140 Ministers and high representatives were present to mark a high point during the 40th session of the General Conference of UNESCO (12-27 November 2019). UNESCO, the only United Nations agency for culture, is returning to the tradition of ministerial meetings in the field of culture, 21 years after the Intergovernmental Conference on Cultural Policies for Development held in Stockholm, Sweden in 1998.

As a platform for priority setting and public policy development, this ministerial meeting is an opportunity to make decisive progress on the role of culture in development.

The Forum would explore these four themes:

In response to contemporary changes, UNESCO is strengthening its multidisciplinary scope and addressing the issue of sustainable development comprehensively by emphasizing the linkages between culture and social, economic, and environmental issues. In the Forum of Ministers of Culture, the ministers will share their views through interactive exchanges. They will present their cultural policy priorities and visions for the future.

|GlobalGiants.Com|

— The editor is actively, effectively contributing to the enhancement of UNESCO Creative Cities Network (Division of Creativity, Culture Sector, UNESCO) since 2014.


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 12:13 PM | Link to this Post

November 16, 2019

India's HRD Minister addresses education ministers and representatives of nearly 190 countries at the 40th UNESCO General Conference in Paris.

UNESCO, India

Photo: India’s HRD Minister, Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’, addresses education ministers and representatives of nearly 190 countries at the 40th UNESCO General Conference in Paris. November 15, 2019. Image provided by & copyright © UNESCO/Marie Etchegoyen.

UNESCO, India

Photo: Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’, Human Resources Development Minister, India, addressed the General Policy Debate at UNESCO General Conference in Paris. November 15, 2019. Image provided by & copyright © UNESCO/Marie Etchegoyen.

UNESCO, India

Photo: India’s representative, Ananya Agarwal, spoke forcefully during the General Policy Debate at the UNESCO General Conference in Paris. November 13, 2019. Image provided by & copyright © UNESCO/Luc Valigny.

New Delhi, November 15, 2019 — India’s Union HRD Minister, Ramesh Pokhriyal ”Nishank’, addressed education ministers/representatives of nearly 190 countries at the 40th UNESCO General Conference today in Paris.

He said that age-old immortal Indian culture had considered the whole world as a family. Spreading the great idea of ​​”Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” all over the world, India has prayed for the welfare of the entire humanity by accepting the hypothesis of “Sarve Bhavantu Sukhinah, Survey Santu Niramaya,” he added. By contemplating the idea of Integral Human Debate, we have pledged to reach out to the last person in the society.

The Minister said that this session of UNESCO has another significance as it is being held at a time when the whole world is celebrating the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. His message of truth and non-violence is even more critical and relevant today. Through education, we are trying to pursue and spread the spirit of universal brotherhood, social harmony, friendliness, human values, and love to every citizen of India, he added.

Minister ‘Nishank’ said that India is the third-largest education system in the world; therefore, it needs to be committed to building a bright future of more than 33 crore students. There are more than 1000 universities and more than 45000 colleges in India. India has been playing a positive and constructive role to carry forward the UNESCO’s mission and realize our shared objectives.

He assured continuous support of India to UNESCO in its effort to pursue its core mandate of building peace through international cooperation in Education, Science, Environment, and Culture.

He appreciated the efforts of UNESCO to ensure that every child and citizen receive a quality education.

The HRD Minister conveyed his thanks to UNESCO for including the city of Jaipur in the World Heritage List. He also thanked UNESCO for including Kumbh Mela, the world’s largest human gathering, in the list of intangible heritage. Likewise, he also welcomed the selection of Mumbai and Hyderabad for inclusion in the UNESCO Creative Cities Network.

|GlobalGiants.Com|

— The editor is actively, effectively contributing to the enhancement of UNESCO Creative Cities Network (Division of Creativity, Culture Sector, UNESCO) since 2014.


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 4:07 AM | Link to this Post

November 15, 2019

UNESCO is creating Inclusive Global Campus; Ministers and University Leaders address Inclusion and Mobility in Higher Education.

Unesco, Paris

Photo: The Opening of the 40th General Conference of UNESCO. Image provided by & copyright © UNESCO/Marie Etchegoyen.

Unesco, Paris, Universities

Photo: A Government Representative at the opening of the General Conference. Image provided by & copyright © UNESCO/Christelle ALIX.

Paris, France, November 14, 2019 — Over 100 ministers and 100 representatives from universities, participating in the UNESCO Chairs program convened during UNESCO’s General Conference currently taking place in Paris. They addressed some of today’s most pressing challenges in higher education: How can governments and higher education institutions work together to create a more inclusive global campus in the light of rapidly increasing numbers in enrolment and mobility of students? And how can the higher education sector across the world work against increasing inequalities and for the inclusion of marginalized groups into societies?

The higher education landscape is rapidly changing globally, characterized by increasing internationalization, diversification of providers, and new modes of learning. Two hundred twenty million students are today enrolled in higher education around the world, a number that has doubled over the past decade and is set to expand.

However, increased enrolments have not proven to be a reliable indicator for achieving the 2030 Agenda overall goal of “leaving no one behind,” or for ensuring equitable and affordable quality higher education. Institutions face the challenge of providing quality education to an increasingly diverse student population, including non-traditional learners and disadvantaged groups such as migrants, refugees, and indigenous peoples.

The past decades’ unprecedented increase of enrolment in higher education is also reflected in the mobility of students with the move from an international university to a global campus of learners, faculty, and researchers fast becoming a reality. In the decade leading up to 2011, the number of learners choosing to study outside of their home country more than doubled to 4.3 million students - a figure that is conservatively estimated to increase again by 2025.

Yet many students still face obstacles in having their qualifications recognized when returning to their home country or moving to a new country. Lack of recognition of qualifications constitutes a significant obstacle for accessing further studies or for seeking employment opportunities. Today more than half of students going abroad study outside their home regions.

To respond to this new reality, UNESCO is preparing the adoption of a Global Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education at its General Conference that started this week. The new Convention aims to facilitate student mobility and improve access to higher education across regions and continents. UNESCO has also launched a Qualifications Passport to facilitate the movement for refugees with qualifications.

By convening policymakers and universities at this unprecedented meeting, UNESCO aims to strengthen the political will, international cooperation, and capacities in higher education to achieve the 2030 Agenda and to create an understanding of how the Global Convention can facilitate this process.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 12:23 AM | Link to this Post

November 13, 2019

UN Secretary-General highlights UNESCO’s Global Leadership in Education at the Organization’s 40th General Conference.

UNESCO, Universities

Photo: Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, and UNESCO Director-General, Audrey Azoulay at the Opening of the 40th General Conference of UNESCO. Image provided by & copyright © UNESCO/Christelle ALIX.

UNESCO, Universities

Photo: UNESCO Director-General, Audrey Azoulay addresses the Opening of the 40th General Conference of UNESCO. Image provided by & copyright © UNESCO/Christelle ALIX.

Paris, 12 November—The Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, Tuesday morning stressed UNESCO’s essential mandate in education and pleaded in favor of multilateralism as he opened UNESCO’s 40th General Conference addressing representatives of the Organization’s 193 Member States and 11 Associate Members.

“Education is an essential pillar to achieve our objectives for 2030. And we are late,” said the Secretary-General. “UNESCO has a fundamental role to play to coordinate and monitor global efforts in this regard. I commend the initiative launched by the Director-General at the UN General Assembly last September on the futures of education.”

Warning against the splintering of the international community along economic, social, and environmental divides, growing hate and discrimination, the Secretary-General declared: “We must do everything to maintain a universal system based on international law and preserve a multipolar world with strong multilateral institutions.”

“A world of cracks and fault-lines is not sustainable,” said the Secretary-General. “In this context, UNESCO’s work is central to bringing the world together.”

After the Secretary-General’s opening, the Member States named Ambassador Ahmet Altay Cengizer, Permanent Delegate of Turkey to UNESCO, as President of the 40th session of the General Conference.

Organization’s Director-General, Audrey Azoulay, denounced the multiple divides that are eroding national and international governance as well as the planet itself. She highlighted UNESCO’s vocation to serve as a laboratory of ideas.

“Contemporary challenges call on us to draw on our shared humanity,” said Ms. Azoulay. “Territorial borders can not contain them. Only cooperation, solidarity, and multilateralism can result in lasting solutions.”

The Director-General denounced the crippling effect of divisiveness on international governance. She said that it is our responsibility “to be effective by making multilateralism an everyday reality and by providing evidence that it can lead to better lives.”

Ms. Azoulay also stressed the importance of education, “the keystone of peace. We must correct not only the insufficiencies and inequalities that education is suffering from but also improve our guidance to the world’s educational systems so that we may lay the best foundations of practical, real, sustainable development.”

The General Conference is the governing body of UNESCO. It meets every other year to determine the Organization’s program and budget.

During its 40th session, which ends on 27 November, Member States are also set to adopt an international convention destined to facilitate the international recognition of higher education diplomas and the free movement of students and faculty.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 6:20 AM | Link to this Post

November 10, 2019

UNESCO General Conference to examine the draft of the Global Convention on the Recognition of Higher Education Qualifications.

UNESCO, Universities

UNESCO, Universities

Photo: UNESCO Headquarters, Paris, France. Session of the Executive Board. October 16-17, 2019. Image Credit: UNESCO/C. Bailleul.

Paris, France, November 9, 2019 — In November 2019, UNESCO’s General Conference will examine for adoption the draft text of the Global Convention on the Recognition of Higher Education Qualifications. Once approved, the Global Convention will be the first legally binding United Nations treaty on higher education.

The Global Convention, a binding agreement, will join the ranks of other UNESCO conventions, such as the cultural conventions and the Convention against doping in sport.

The Convention will be the first of its kind in the UN on higher education with a global scope. It will complement the five UNESCO regional conventions on the recognition of higher education qualifications.

Built on the existing regional conventions, the Global Convention will create a framework for fair, transparent, and non-discriminatory recognition of higher education qualifications. The originality of the Convention is that it opens for inter-regional academic mobility, and puts into place universal principles for improving recognition practices.

Under certain conditions, the Convention will be open for countries, which wish to be committed to its text.

Today, more than 4 million students study outside their home country. By 2020 around 8 million students will be studying abroad. The Global Convention on Higher Education Qualifications is designed to facilitate academic mobility between regions. It will mainly benefit people who are seeking recognition of their qualifications in another area than their home region for either accessing higher education or continuing their studies.

For example, it will become easier for a student to have his/her high school diplomas recognized in another region to pursue his/her studies there. It will also facilitate a student who wants to complete a degree in another country based on education that he/she had started elsewhere.

The Global Convention on Higher Education Qualifications will also provide platforms for national authorities to collaborate across borders and regions to develop better tools and practices for the recognition of higher education qualifications.

UNESCO serves as a global platform for discussion on the recognition of higher education qualifications and the promotion of academic mobility. Being the only UN agency with a mandate in higher education, the new Convention is part of UNESCO’s technical support to review more top education strategies and policies in countries that decided to be committed to its text. This support aims to improve equitable access to quality higher education and enhance mobility and accountability.

UNESCO will be the secretariat of the mechanism to be set to ensure and monitor the implementation of the Convention’s text. This implementation mechanism body will meet every two years. It will provide guidance (recommendations, guidelines, and share good practices) to the countries committed to the Convention.

The Global Convention on Higher Education Qualifications will be a reliable instrument to prevent brain drain since it would facilitate governments to put in place mechanisms for recognizing degrees obtained abroad.

The Convention will also help migrants to access higher education in their new home countries as it obliges to put in place mechanisms to facilitate the recognition of refugees’ qualifications, even for those who cannot provide any documentary evidence of their skills.

The idea of a Global Convention on Higher Education Qualifications has been on UNESCO’s agenda for a long time. The formal process started in 2011 after a feasibility study had underlined the urgent need for such a convention to respond to the need for improved recognition of foreign qualifications worldwide. For this purpose, UNESCO established a drafting committee in 2016 consisting of experts from all regions that finalized a preliminary draft in June 2017.

UNESCO presented the draft for discussion at two intergovernmental meetings that took place in December 2018 and March 2019.

At the March meeting, more than 260 technical and legal experts from around 150 Member States approved the plan. Now the draft will be submitted for adoption at the 40th Session of the UNESCO General Conference in November 2019.

|GlobalGiants.Com|


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Edited & Posted by Surender Hastir | 3:58 AM | Link to this Post


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