May 13, 2014
QS University Rankings: Asia — Top Universities 2014
National University of Singapore (NUS) is named as Asia’s top institution for the first time in the QS University Rankings: Asia 2014 published today. The rankings reflect a swing in the balance of power, as Singapore and Korea overtake the traditionally dominant Japan and Hong Kong.
NUS’s success is mirrored by Nanyang Technological University (NTU), which climbs to 7th, its highest ever position. Korea’s KAIST climbs from sixth to second place, while Seoul National University (4th) and Postech (9th) also make the top 10.
Thirteen of the Chinese top 20 institutions have improved their position this year, a surge in research citations. Peking University slips three places to 7th, while Tsinghua University remains 14th.
“Government investment in scientific research is starting to pay dividends, with the majority of Chinese institutions increasing both the volume and impact of their research in recent years,” says QS head of research Ben Sowter. “However, in terms of citations Peking and Tsinghua are still playing catch-up with institutions such as National University of Singapore and University of Hong Kong.”
India’s ranked institutions rise to 17 from just 11 last year yet seven of its top eight institutions drop. IIT Delhi is the top performer at 38th. Growing interest in international rankings is reflected in a sharp increase in the number of Indian institutions featuring in the new Asian Universities Ranking published by QS.
India is still waiting for a breakthrough at the top of the rankings, with the latest table showing a marginal decline in the positions occupied by most of the country’s leading institutions. But an increase of more than 50 per cent in India’s overall representation offers hopeful signs for the future.
As in the previous editions of the ranking, the Indian Institutes of Technology lead the way. IIT Delhi holds on to 38th place, pulling clear of IIT Bombay in 41st. Five other IITs feature in the top 100, led by Kanpur and Madras just outside the top 50.
Amongst traditional universities, University of Delhi takes the lead at 81, having slipped one place since last year. It is ranked in the top 25 in Asia by employers and the top 40 by academics, but is handicapped in some other indicators by its large size and low levels of international faculty and student exchange which brings down its overall ranking. Only the University of Calcutta ranks highly on students’ exchanges, coming second in Asia for outbound exchanges and 52nd for inbound.
In the latest Asian ranking, Banaras Hindu University, Panjab, Manipal and Amity universities, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, and the Indian Institute of Information Technology all appear for the first time.
The Indian Centre for Assessment and Accreditation (ICAA) is hosting the launch of the QS University Rankings: Asia in New Delhi. At the ICAA Rankings & Excellence Dialogue, MHRD Secretary Ashok Thakur said that India must create 40 million university places to meet demand. “We can’t afford to miss out on India’s demographic dividend,” he said. “But it’s not just about numbers, it’s about quality. Indian institutions must no longer hide behind the ‘excuse’ that the global ranking metrics and indicators are not suited to them. We must play the same game that the rest of the world is playing,” he said.